Vaccination now makes it possible to avoid between 2 and 3 million deaths each year, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and measles, recall the WHO and Unicef. According to the latest statistics, 130 of the 194 Member States of the WHO reached at least 90% coverage for diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis last year. But eight countries still have a vaccination rate below 50%: the Central African Republic; Chad; Equatorial Guinea; Nigeria; Somalia; South Sudan; Syria and Ukraine.
As a reminder, more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas, especially in the slums of Africa and Asia. The report stresses that the “urban poor” represent the group most vulnerable to sub-immunization or non-immunization.
Globally, 85% of children were vaccinated with the first dose of measles vaccine as of their first birthday through routine health services and 64% with a second dose. Nevertheless, coverage levels remain well below those required to prevent epidemics, prevent avoidable deaths and meet regional measles elimination targets.